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On 01 June 2022, the new version of the Vertical Block Exemption Regulation No. 720/2022 (VBER) of 10.05.2022 entered into force. The European Commission has also published the new version of the Guidelines on vertical restraints.

The revised regulation has taken over the basic systematics of the…

The Corte di Cassazione has ruled (Judgment No. 1143/2022) that a non-competition clause in a commercial agency agreement is not subject to the general terms and conditions provision under Art. 1341 of the Codice Civile. The commercial agent had sued the company for adequate compensation for the…

On 10 May 2022 the final version of the new EU Regulation No. 720/2022 on Vertical Agreements (so called "VBER" - Vertical Block Exemption Regulations) was issued and will enter into force on 1 June 2022. We attach the final text of the Regulation and the Guidelines of the European Commission. Our…

When a commercial agency relationship is terminated, the commercial agent requests that the company provide him with the statement of account to which he is entitled pursuant to § 87c subsection 2 of the German Commercial Code (HGB). There are often disputes about the content or the form of the…

In its judgment of 24 September 2020 (VII ZR 69/19), the Federal Supreme Court (BGH) ruled that an authorised dealer cannot demand information on the gross profit achieved from the company for the purpose of calculating its compensation claim. The entrepreneurial advantages required for the…


The pandemic has greatly promoted the holding of court hearings in the form of video conferencing. In Germany, the corresponding provision (§ 128a ZPO) was amended to the effect that videoconferencing can also be ordered unilaterally by the court without obtaining the mutual consent of the parties.…


In its decision number 29176/20, the Court of Cassation held that the distributor agreement is characterized by the provision of services and therefore gives rise to jurisdiction at the place of the distributor pursuant to Art. 7, b, 2nd indent EU Regulation.


As a general rule, after the termination of the contractual relationship, the principal can continue to use the customer relationships acquired by the commercial agent or the authorised dealer. For these active business relations (goodwill) he pays the commercial agent or, if applicable, the…


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Newsletter 51

At the last minute, we are able to report that the major Italian civil procedure reform was passed by the Chamber of Deputies on 25 November 2021. In part, the German civil procedure was the inspiration (see below, News from Italy). In part, there are many innovative approaches that are intended to relieve the judiciary and could also be a model for Germany, such as mandatory out-of-court mediation in many areas of law. The primary goal is to significantly reduce the duration of litigation. In Italy, a civil case took 7.3 years (2656 days) in 2018; the ministry hopes for a reduction of about 40%; it would then still be 1593 days for a civil case.

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Newsletter 50

Difficult, difficult! When the First Client Letter appeared, the world seemed healthier and the judiciary more peaceful. Today, the world is heated and the judiciary is bursting at the seams: both in Germany (Federal Constitutional Court) and in the Netherlands (Hague District Court), the executive is being ordered to act. Not a very good sign when we lawyers (!) have to save the world. But whatever happens, we are ready...

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Newsletter 49

The ambitious goal of this issue was to not even mention Corona or Covid19 . We didn't quite make it, as some areas of law - such as insurance law or family law - are currently dominated by C19 . The pandemic will soon be overcome, what is questionable are the late effects. We fear a world in which everything takes place on the couch. The Amazon boom will possibly further lead to the desolation of cities.... But we are optimistic. At the end of the pandemic, all the people will come out onto the streets, populate the cities, and shop for real again instead of online. That's the way it should be!

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Newsletter 48

Frederick the Great would have liked legal Tech (see Information for Colleagues, p.6). He was suspicious of any judicial discretionary decision. In his code of laws with over 29,000 paragraphs, everything was to be conclusively regulated and derived directly from the law. With such a database, every case would have to be solved automatically. Covid 19, for example, shows that something completely new can arise that could not be regulated beforehand. It is not the pandemic itself that is new, but the positive reaction of the state. In the past, as recently as the last 1950s with Asian flu, people just died, most of them at home. So let's be glad to live in our age and creatively tackle the legal problems that arise with genuine common sense (human tech)!

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Newsletter 47

This year there was 70 years of the Basic Law to celebrate. Article 1 reads, "Human dignity is inviolable." This provision is very topical in the age of the Internet, both in Italy and in Germany. A regional court in Berlin has ruled that it is a sign of freedom of expression for a deserving politician to be subjected to the very worst insults imaginable for a woman. At the same time, the former Italian interior minister is anything but restrained in his choice of words when he seeks adjectives for the current members of the government. In the movies of the fifties of the last century, children's ears were covered during such cannonades. A certain nostalgia is spreading among the editorial team members of the client letter, who are no longer dewy-eyed.

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